Author: Svetlana Poliakova ( or ?)

Title: "Sin 319 and Voskr 27 and the Triodion Cycle in the Liturgical Praxis in Russia during the Studite Period"



The dissertation concerns two Russian manuscripts which belong to the
Moscow Historical Museum (Gosudarstvenny Istoricheskiy Musey: GIM) – the
Lenten Triodion Synodal 319 (Sin 319) and the Pentekostarion Voskresensky 27
(Voskr 27), both from the 12th century.
These books have been included in the studies of some scholars, both from
Russia and from the West. In this thesis, the attribution of place of writing of one of
the books and the date of writing of the other have been corrected. Following
textological, semiological and palaeographical analyses, it is concluded that both
books were written as an integral part of the same group, in one of the scriptoria of
Novgorod. The ten Sofisky Menaia from the Synodal Collection of Moscow
Historical Museum (nº159-168) are attributed to the same set.
Regarding the type of liturgical book they represent, Sin 319, Voskr 27 and
the Sofisky Menaia are codices which include different genres of hymnody. These
manuscripts are notated with znamenny notation, which, in the Russian tradition, can
be found mostly in books limited to a single genre, such as Sticheraria and
Heirmologia. The fact of the presence of the texts of contrafacta with znamenny
notation in Sin 319, Voskr 27 and the Sofisky Menaia makes these multi-genre
liturgical books unique.
For the purpose of establishing the role of the GIM-Triodion within the
historical context of Russian liturgy, about 40 notated and un-notated Russian,
Bulgarian and Serbian books were investigated. Their structure, content,
paleographical and notational particularities, in comparison with the GIM-Triodion
cycle, has been commented upon in a large number of tables and examples. The
analysis of various parameters means that one may conclude that Sin 319 and Voskr
27 were created as a reference set (written prototype and guidelines for chant
practice), concluding one of the periods that could be distinguished in the
development of Russian art of sacred chant of the 11th-15th century.

A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of Social and Human Science of the Universidade Nova de Lisboa in Candidacy for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Musicology (June 2009)

Dissertação apresentada para cumprimento dos requisitos necessários à obtenção do grau de Doutor em Ciências Musicais, realizada sob a orientação científica do Professor Doutor Manuel Pedro Ferreira (FCSH-UNL), com a co-orientação do Professor Doutor Christian Troelsgård (Universidade Copenhaga).

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  • Svetlana Poliakova's study is very fundamental for current studies of Slavic and Greek lectionaries and sticheraria which did the synthesis with the Hagiopolitan Oktoechos cycle already during the 11th and the 12th century. Her focus is on the Triodion period between the Sunday of Publican and Pharisea until Pentecost.

    According to the Norwegian liturgist Stig Frøyshov (2004, published 2007) the Octoechos should be differentiated on four levels:

    1. An Oktoechos of the calendar year, that is, the repetitive cycle
    of eight weeks; it also seems to include the eight-week prepaschal
    fast. This is the skeleton of the liturgical Oktoechos.
    Around this skeleton we find components 2-4.
    2. An Oktoechos of the Lectionary, that is, doubled quadruple
    (4x2) or eightfold series of scriptural readings and responsorial
    — the series of four or eight Resurrection Gospels for
    Sunday Nocturns or Matins
    — eight-mode Sunday Eucharist
    — eight-mode ferial Eucharist (concerns only [four] dismissal
    3. An Oktoechos of the Hymnal, that is, hymnographical collections
    organized in eight groups called "modes":
    — Sunday hymnography in eight modes
    — Ferial hymnography in eight modes
    4. An Oktoechos of the liturgical chant, that is, the eight musical

    I hope that also studies of Old Roman, Beneventan, Ambrosian, and Ravenna chant will follow her example, because it will offer new insights of the dynamics behind a period, which is well-known for the first codification of various local traditions.

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